You can say that plastics are organic polymers with high molecular mass and contains additional components in it. There are lots of plastic materials, such as engine components, head and tail lamps, door panels, gear shift covers, bio-material bags, syringes, tubing, inhalers, toys, dishes, cases, fabrics, etc.
The alternative names of plastic are thermoplastic, epoxy, latex, synthetic rubber, butadiene, chloroprene, polyester, polystyrene, polypropylene, polyurethane, PETE, HDPE, and LDPE. Plastic materials have numerous advantages, such as it requires less heat for giving shape.
It has replaced leather and wood. People have also used it in high voltage and low voltage electrical cable, fiber optics. Also our mobile phones, plastic pipes have replaced metal pipes for gas and water distribution, and have survived earthquakes and so on.
You can melt and use the plastics again. Plastics are corrosion-resistant and chemically inert. Let us know more about plastic recycling and impact.
As we all know that a coin always has two sides. Plastics have many advantages, including disadvantages also. The major problem of plastic is its pollution. Plastic pollution happens due to the growth of plastic waste in the environment.
One of the most significant scientific facts of plastic is that the plastic bags and other plastic garbage gets into the ocean. The waste kills as many as 1 million sea creatures every year.
According to the government of India, plastic makes up about eight percent of total solid waste. In India, most of the metro cities are the top contributors to plastic waste. The significant contributors to plastic pollution are kind and beverages, container caps, plastic bags, stress, and stirrers, etc.
According to a CPCB estimate from 2012, India generates 26,000 tones of plastic a day. Ten thousand tonnes of plastic waste in one day does not get collected. Such massive production leads to rapid urbanization and the spread of retail chains and their usage of plastics for their products.
Every problem comes with a solution. The recycling of plastic can solve the issue of plastic waste. We should recycle plastic as much as we can. If we recycle plastic waste, we can save twice as much power that we do when we recycle it in an incinerator. As an estimated 14 billion pounds of trash, much of it plastic is dumped in the world’s oceans every year.
But, only recycling of plastic won’t solve the problem of plastic pollution. 60% of such waste gets recycled. However, 9400 tonnes of waste ends up in the oceans. It also piles up on the lands due to which source segregation becomes difficult. According to the United Nations, just nine percent of all plastic waste ever produced globally has been recycled.
We can eliminate plastic waste and plastic pollution by having clever engineering and applied science and technology, i.e., the transformation of plastic bottles into houses, the transformation of plastic back into the crude oil, the conversion of plastic bags into fuel, and the invention of Proto Cycler. We use the same to recycle plastic waste. After the process, it turns into a new filament, which we further use to print new objects.